Lesotho Meteorological Services
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Lesotho Meteorological Services



With the increasing demand and necessity by the country and world decision makers to ever be on the forefront of what is happening, a number of publications exist in LMS's repository - some once-off publications and others as periodicals.

LMS publications list (and links to actual texts):

First National Communication

In 1988, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), whose mandate was to assess the available scientific information and the environmental and socio-economic impacts of climate change, and to formulate response strategies to the same.  The IPCC was adopted by the United Nations Organization (UNO) on the 27th January 1989 through Resolution A/RES/43/53 of its General Assembly.


Article 4 of the UNFCCC mandates Parties to consolidate their Commitments by way of "formulating, implementing, publishing and regularly updating national measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to climate change".

Technology Needs Adaptation Report

As part of the measures to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), calls for all practicable steps to be taken to promote, facilitate and finance, as appropriate, the transfer of, or access to, environmentally sound technologies and know-how to developing countries to enable them to implement the provisions of the convention.

Climate Change Handbook

Climate is defined as the average prevailing weather conditions over a specific geographical area recorded over a long period of time, usually exceeding 30 years. The elements of weather that are usually taken into account in defining an area's climate include rainfall, temperature, sunshine records, frost occurrence, wind and evaporation.

GHG Emissions Inventory Report

The subject of climate change is of special interest to the Government and people of Lesotho. Our national greeting ìKhotso, Pula, Nalaî which literally translates into ì Peace, Rain, Prosperityî is testimony of the importance of climate, indicated by rainfall in the day to day life of way of every Mosotho. Lesotho possesses a fragile mountainous ecosystem and as a result is vulnerable to drought, desertification and large-scale land degradation.

Weekly Weather Brief

Temperatures started showing gradual drop from the high summer values, a situation that leads to the winter season. This became significant from the second half of the month whereby most stations even recorded below normal minimum temperatures on 26th and 27th. The minimum temperature ranged from 5.2°C to 15.5°C in the Highlands and from 5.6°C to 15.5°C in the Lowlands.

Monthly Update

The rains remain above normal for another month. June 2011 experienced above normal rainfall countrywide. Most of the rain fell between the 6th and the 8th of June. The highest records were from the south, Mohale's with the highest of 49.5mm followed by Quthing with 45.1mm, while the eastern parts of the country recorded the lowest amounts. Mokhotlong recorded the lowest rainfall amount of 20.1mm (see Map 1). Rainy days ranged from three at Mafeteng to six days at Semonkong.

Dekadal Bulletin

The third dekad of December 2010 recorded above normal rainfall countrywide, only Mokhotlong is exceptionally bellow normal. Dekadal rainfall range from lowest sum of 16.1mm at Mokhotlong to highest sum of 147.3mm at Quthing. Cumulative Percentage Rainfall Departure from Normal Cumulative rainfall since the first dekad of September remains normal to above normal. The lowest Percentage Rainfall Dep. From normal is 12% at Mafeteng and the highest is 72% at Semonkong.