Impacts and Adaptation

Climate Change Impacts

Researches has been conducted to develop a deeper understanding of how climate change will impact upon the country’s productive sectors, natural resources and the economy at large.

Click sectors on each sector below to see how climate change impacts on it.


Vulnerable Sectors Impacts

Water Resources

   -  Ground water resources are reduced by shortened rainfall season. This will cause

 -  Inadequate annual recharge of aquifers, lower water tables and drying up of springs.

 -  Drying up of wetlands in the mountains, affecting reliability of perennial streams.


     -  Reduced rainfall and frequent drought reduce crop production.

     -  Drought and high temperatures exacerbate incidences of diseases and pests.

     -  Resultant crop failures lead to famine and food shortages.


       - Rural communities depend on biomass fuels as a major energy source.

     - The resilience and regenerative capacity of forest resources are negatively     affected by extreme climatic conditions.

     - Decreasing forestry resources reduces the stability of energy supplies for both cooking and heating.

Livestock and Rangelands

      - Livestock production is deteriorating due to degradation of rangelands. The net effects are:

     - Higher livestock mortality rates and lower quality of livestock products.

     - Extreme weather conditions increase disease and pest incidences.


    - Natural heritage and culture of the Basotho is closely linked to the environment. Their housing, clothing, medicine and other traditions are affected by climate change


      - Frequent droughts result in lack of water availability and reduced water quality. The resultant disease outbreaks are compounded by famine and malnutrition


    - Climate Change induced droughts reduces hydro-power generation

    - Decreasing forestry resources reduces the stability of energy supplies for both cooking and heating.


   - Climate change negatively affects soil cover (range and forest resources). Incidences of drought and flooding increase soil erosion, desertification and   land degradation and reduce soil fertility


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