Climatology

 

The role of the climatology division is to observe and understand Lesotho's weather and climate and provide meteorological services in support of Lesotho's needs and international obligations. Analysis of meteorological observations, monitoring of the climate of Lesotho including climate change studies and research are done in this section, along with the following activities:

  • Development of meteorological and related data and products, including the historical climate record, the description and diagnosis of current meteorological conditions and the future.
  • Perform meteorological and related research, including findings of: pure research into atmospheric processes and phenomena, strategic research into the mechanisms of Lesotho’s weather and climate, applied research and development of the applications of meteorology to national community needs.
  • Publishing on a routine basis weekly weather summaries and monthly meteorological bulletins for the climate of Lesotho.
  • Study the evolution of extreme events and the impacts of small scale, medium scale and mesoscale atmospheric properties and their impacts on the climate of Lesotho.


Climate of Lesotho

Lesotho is land locked and surrounded only by the Republic of South Africa. It is situated approximately between 28° S and 31° S latitudes and longitude 27° E and 30° E.

Station Network

This section gives an overview of the number, location and types of meteorological stations that are manned by LMS operators throughout the country of South Africa.

Climate Data Management

The role of this sub-division is to collect, record and archive weather/climate data from the department’s observational network.

Climate Monitoring

Analysis of meteorological observations, monitoring of the climate of Lesotho including climate change studies and research are done in this section.

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